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  • Tachyon: Design and Control of High Payload, Robust, and Dynamic Quadruped Robot with Series-Parallel Elastic Actuators

Research Area

Author

  • Yasuhisa Kamikawa, Masaya Kinoshita, Noriaki Takasugi, Katsufumi Sugimoto, Toshimitsu Kai, Takashi Kito, Atsushi Sakamoto, Kenichiro Nagasaka, Yasunori Kawanami

Company

  • Sony Group Corporation

Venue

  • IROS

Date

  • 2021

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Tachyon: Design and Control of High Payload, Robust, and Dynamic Quadruped Robot with Series-Parallel Elastic Actuators

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Abstract

This paper introduces a quadruped robot, Tachyon, which aims to achieve high payload, robust, and dynamic locomotion on the various terrain with high energy efficiency. Thanks to a novel compact series-parallel elastic actuator (SPEA) on the upper link and a four-bar linkage design in the knee joint for constant vertical foot force, the 41-kg robot can carry more than 20 kg of payloads with dynamic walking. The combination of a robust horizontal CoM stabilizer and SPEA joint torque controller provides low impedance force controllability of the whole-body even when only the knee joint can accurately detect its joint torque. The major performance of Tachyon is demonstrated by carrying a 20-kg rice bag—half of its body weight—and climbing stairs with dynamic locomotion. When the robot climbs the stairs, the SPEA parallel spring improves energy efficiency by 16% and is also effective for various other gaits. The robustness of the robot is also shown by its high flexibility and fall avoidance capability when an unknown disturbance of 400 N or more is applied.

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