Research Area


  • Yuichiro Koyama, Naoki Murata, Stefan Uhlich, Giorgio Fabbro, Shusuke Takahashi, Yuki Mitsufuji
  • * External authors


  • Sony Group Corporation




  • 2022


Music Source Separation with Deep Equilibrium Models

View Publication


While deep neural network-based music source separation (MSS) is very effective and achieves high performance, its model size is often a problem for practical deployment. Deep implicit architectures such as deep equilibrium models (DEQ) were recently proposed, which can achieve higher performance than their explicit counterparts with limited depth while keeping the number of parameters small. This makes DEQ also attractive for MSS, especially as it was originally applied to sequential modeling tasks in natural language processing and thus should in principle be also suited for MSS. However, an investigation of a good architecture and training scheme for MSS with DEQ is needed as the characteristics of acoustic signals are different from those of natural language data. Hence, in this paper we propose an architecture and training scheme for MSS with DEQ. Starting with the architecture of Open-Unmix (UMX), we replace its sequence model with DEQ. We refer to our proposed method as DEQ-based UMX (DEQ-UMX). Experimental results show that DEQ-UMX performs better than the original UMX while reducing its number of parameters by 30%.