Multi-hop Routing with Proactive Route Refinement for 60 GHz Millimeter-Wave NetworksView Publication
Fundamental requirements of mmWave systems are peak data rates of multiple Gbps and latencies of the order of at most a few milliseconds. However, highly directional mmWave links are susceptible to frequent link failures under stress conditions such as mobility and human blockage. Under these conditions, multi-hop routing can achieve reliable and robust performance. In this paper, we consider multi-hop millimeter wave (mmWave) wireless systems and propose proactive route refinement schemes that are particularly important under dynamic scenarios. First, we consider the AODV-type protocols and propose a cross-layer approach that integrates sectorized communication at the MAC layer with on-demand multi-hop routing at the network layer. Next, we consider Backpressure routing protocol, and enhance this protocol with periodic HELLO status messages. System-level simulation results based on the IEEE 802.11ad standard are provided that confirm the benefits of proactive route refinement for the ADOV-type and Backpressure routing protocols.
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