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Research Area

Author

  • Zhi Zhong, Masato Hirano, Kazuki Shimada, Kazuya Tateishi, Shusuke Takahashi, Yuki Mitsufuji

Company

  • Sony Group Corporation

Venue

  • ICASSP

Date

  • 2023

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An Attention-based Approach to Hierarchical Multi-label Music Instrument Classification

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Abstract

Although music is typically multi-label, many works have studied hierarchical music tagging with simplified settings such as single-label data. Moreover, there lacks a framework to describe various joint training methods under the multi-label setting. In order to discuss the above topics, we introduce hierarchical multi-label music instrument classification task. The task provides a realistic setting where multi-instrument real music data is assumed. Various hierarchical methods that jointly train a DNN are summarized and explored in the context of the fusion of deep learning and conventional techniques. For the effective joint training in the multi-label setting, we propose two methods to model the connection between fine- and coarse-level tags, where one uses rule-based grouped max-pooling, the other one uses the attention mechanism obtained in a data-driven manner. Our evaluation reveals that the proposed methods have advantages over the method without joint training. In addition, the decision procedure within the proposed methods can be interpreted by visualizing attention maps or referring to fixed rules.

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